ICPD stands for the International Conference on Population and Development, a 1994 meeting in Cairo where 179 governments adopted a revolutionary Programme of Action and called for women’s reproductive health and rights to take centre stage in national and global development efforts. 

Specifically, the Programme of Action called for all people to have access to comprehensive reproductive health care, including voluntary family planning, safe pregnancy and childbirth services, and the prevention and treatment of sexually transmitted infections. It also recognised reproductive health and women’s empowerment are intertwined, and both are necessary for the advancement of society.


The full and equal participation of women in civil, cultural, economic, political and social life, at the national, regional and international levels, and the eradication of all forms of discrimination on grounds of sex, are priority objectives of the international community.

The Nairobi Summit - ICPD+25

The governments of Kenya and Denmark and UNFPA co-convened the Nairobi Summit on ICPD25, in Nairobi 12-14 November 2019, a high-level conference to mobilise the political will and financial commitments urgently needed to finally and fully implement the ICPD Programme of Action.

The Nairobi Summit sought to re-energize the global community, breathing new life into the ICPD agenda and sustaining and amplifying gains made since 1994. 

“Meeting the need for family planning in priority countries by 2030 will cost in the range of $40 billion US dollars. It’s not an unreasonable choice – 3 aircraft carriers versus zero unmet need for family planning. Millions upon millions of women and girls are counting on all of us to make the right choice.”

Dr Natalia Kanem - Executive Director, UNFPA - September 2019