In April, PGPD Chair and Vice-Chair Dr Sharman Stone and Senator Claire Moore travelled to Stockholm to attend the 6th International Parliamentarians’ Conference on the implementation of Cairo’s Program of Action. This marked 20 years since the Cairo conference that represented a breakthrough in addressing population and development issues – away from a focus on population numbers and towards a focus on women’s rights and needs.
6th International Parliamentarians' Conference on the Implementation of the ICPD Programme of Action
“Recognising that despite 20 years of progress, significant challenges remain in achieving gender equality, tackling gender-based violence, and meeting people’s sexual and reproductive health needs, politicians from 134 countries committed to stepping up the pace to ensure access to sexual and reproductive information, education and health care; promoting women’s political, economic and social decision-making power; eliminating discrimination, violence, early and forced marriage and female genital mutilation; and promoting policies to boost youth employment. The Stockholm Declaration of Commitment set a course of action to implement these key objectives to ensure all nations of the world develop healthily, happily and sustainably.
“It is these aspirations that lead me to Chair the PGPD, as I believe that working together we can achieve a lot.”
Every two years since 2002 parliamentarians from around the world have met to discuss population and development issues. These discussions revolve around two core themes: mobilizing resources and the creation of an enabling environment for the implementation of the International Conference on Population and Development Programme of Action (ICPD PoA).
The Stockholm conference marks the 20th anniversary of the ICPD and the end of the original Cairo mandate.
This conference provided parliamentarians with an opportunity to contribute to the United Nations Secretary-General's index report on further implementation of the ICPD beyond 2014, to be discussed at the UN General Assembly Special Session on the ICPD in September 2014. The conference was designed to produce a forward-looking and action-oriented declaration and action plan to build upon previous IPCI Commitments. It also serves as a launching pad for the second phase of the visionary Cairo Programme and provide parliamentarians with a chance to consider strategic actions needed to significantly boost the implementation of the ICPD mandate.
Theme: “Youth, Leadership and Accountability”
Statement of Commitment and Plan of Action that will spell out concrete actions to be taken by parliamentarians to further mobilize resources and create an enabling environment for the implementation of the ICPD Program of Action
Expansion of the IPCI/ICPD network
Identifying politicians/leaders in all regions to champion the issues
Parliamentarians for the Implementation of the ICPD first assembled in Ottawa in 2002 to establish the first global system of regular monitoring and follow-up for parliamentarians on the implementation of the ICPD PoA. They pledged to try to commit more funding, including by striving to commit 5-10% of national development budgets to population and reproductive health programs, and to commit to the 0.7% target of Gross National Income for Overseas Development Assistance (a target originally agreed in 1970).
Addis Ababa (2009)
Core themes across these meetings:
Safeguard women's reproductive rights
Improve access to reproductive health services, including family planning, comprehensive sexuality education
Reduce maternal mortality, morbidity and unsafe abortion
Promote women’s participation in decision-making at all levels
Eliminate all forms of violence, coercion and discrimination
Reduce gaps and inequalities in women’s education, employment, livelihoods and adopt measures to educate girls and develop their technical and vocational skills
Give high priority to water and sanitation in national health and poverty reduction plans
Improve access to agricultural resources for people living in poverty, especially women
Enact laws to ensure respect for the human rights and dignity of people living with HIV/AIDS and AIDS orphans; provide education and services to prevent the transmission of STIs, and provide treatment
Create and/or strengthen national capacity to collect, analyse and disseminate sex disaggregated data, to support national development planning
Promote and protect the full enjoyment of the economic, social, cultural, civil and political rights of older people and eliminate all forms of violence and discrimination against them
Adopt measures to prevent the exploitation of young people